Jebel Dhanna Ruwais Petroleum Port is located in the western region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The port contains a number of marine terminals for exporting crude oil and refined products. The port provides facilities for cargo handling, storage and distribution. The port area also accommodates an extensive industrial complex.
The port is well equipped for handling hydrocarbon cargoes and has specific facilities for handling bulk and container cargoes as well.
The port is open all year around and only rarely closed due to severe sand storms, wind or fog.
The port is constantly improving. Major developments are described at the PPA website: https://ppa.adnoc.ae.
Ruwais Petroleum Port is some 220 kilometres West of Abu Dhabi city, capital of the United Arab Emirates.
It mean all waters inside the below listed coordinates to the coast up to the Spring High Water Mark, and shall include all jetties wharves, structures, sea-berths, reefs, rocks and sand-bars and islands, excluding Sir Bani Yas Island, within the said area.
|From (a)||24° 07.7' N||052° 48.20' E|
|To (b)||24° 11.00' N||052° 48.20' E|
|To (c)||24° 11.00' N||052° 46.60' E|
|To (d)||24° 26.80' N||052° 46.60' E|
|To (e)||24° 26.80' N||052° 33.60' E|
|To (f)||24° 20.80' N||052° 33.60´ E|
|To (g)||24° 17.00' N||052° 38.00' E||Up To Point (a)|
The Port lies within the Tropical Load Line Zone throughout the year.
Max draft allowed is usually 14.0 meters. Marginally higher draft permitted based on tide / UKC calculations. Please refer to individual terminal sections for detailed information.
GMT + 4 hrs. Throughout the year.
Refer to the UAE Govt. website.
Official office hours: Sunday – Thursday, 07.00 - 15.00.
Port Operations and VTIS are available 24/7, 365 days a year.
The Port of Jebel Dhanna Ruwais is constantly expanding with close to 1872 vessel calls in 2016.
Annually about 70 million tons of cargo is handled most of which is hydrocarbons.
PPA recognizes the provisions of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM convention) as adopted by IMO on 13th February 2004 and gives full effect to ROPME requirements for Ballast Water Management for the ROPME Sea Area as issued by the IMO on 2nd February 2009, vide MEPC 59/INF.3
N.B. The BWM Convention may enter into force internationally on 8 September 2017. This convention recognizes two standards:
Regulation D-1 Ballast Water Exchange Standard and
Regulation D-2 Ballast Water Performance Standard. Eventually most ships will need to install an on-board ballast water treatment system.
PPA is currently working towards issuing a new set of regulations governing the management of ballast water Until such time as the BWM convention enters into force, the requirements set out below shall apply.
This section shall apply to all vessels calling at any Petroleum Ports/Terminals for any purpose; of GRT 400 tons and above, with sea water ballast on-board originated from outside the ROPME sea area (RSA).
Note: Vessels below GRT 400 tons, with sea water ballast on-board originating from outside the ROPME sea area (RSA) shall endeavour to exchange ballast water prior to entering into UAE waters as far as practically possible.
The following vessels are exempted from the requirements of this section:
Other than for vessels arriving from zones affected by cholera or outbreak of similar contagious epidemics, the Authority may grant exceptions to vessels from the requirements of this section in the following circumstances:
Except in emergency cases, PPA does not currently offer a reception facility for discharge of sea water ballast or sediments.
Vessels that arrive at any of the Petroleum Ports and found to be in violation of the above requirements, may be denied entry into the port, be prohibited from discharging her ballast or become subject to the appropriate proceedings and sanctions under the laws of the UAE, including, applied fines or detention and shall be reported to its flag administration.
Except for undue delay or detention, which will be avoided as far as practically possible, no compensation or demurrage will be considered for delays incurred as a result of extended investigation of ballast water contents onboard, or for a vessel being not in compliance with the above requirements.
The Authority may under special circumstances, e.g. increased risk of introduction of alien species, impose more stringent requirements than those laid down within this section.
Vessels intending to call at Jebel Dhanna / Ruwais Port should have the following publications on board in either Paper or approved Electronic format:
British Admiralty charts 2837, 3179 and 3780.
Admiralty Sailing Directions – NP 63, 17th Edition 2015.
The Guide to Port Entry may also be referred.
Please refer to the PPA website link for local NTM and UKHO NTM https://ppa.adnoc.ae/en/marine-notices/local-marine-notices-ruwais .
For vessels using Yas/Ruwais channel, the Pilot will normally board and disembark at the main Ghasha pilot station as delineated on British Admiralty chart No. 3179 and 3780.
1 NM West of Ghasha Racon in Position Lat. 24° 25.9’ N, Long. 052° 33.4’ E.
For vessels using East Ghasha channel, either inbound or outbound, an alternate pilot station is located in position Lat. 24° 26.1’ N, Long. 052° 42.4’ E. in the vicinity of buoy EG3.
It is advised that the track recommended on British Admiralty charts 3179 and 3780 be followed for arrival and departure since it provides adequate water for the range of vessels calling at this port. The route is well marked with large buoys and light floats which show up well both visually and on radar.
Both the inner channels from Ghasha light buoy to berth, a distance of 18-20 miles, have a least depth of 14 m and a minimum width of 300 m.
The density of water at Jebel Dhanna Ruwais is 1031.
See Pilot books and “Guide to Port Entry”.
See Admiralty Charts No. 2837, 3179 & 3780.
Vessels anchoring on arrival at Outer anchorage to await berthing instruction should not anchor within 2 miles of Ghasha light buoy. (BA Chart No. 3179).
The inner anchorage positions are delineated on BA Chart No. 3780 and are identified by alphabetical letters.
Navigation and anchoring are not allowed at Middle Ground Patch. However inbound vessels to Ruwais port may use the middle ground anchorage for short duration.
General Cargo vessels are required to use the anchorage area designated for cargo operations, but may anchor in the main anchorage while awaiting an improvement in weather conditions or the availability of lighters or if the designated anchorage is congested.
Vessels anchoring to await berthing instructions in Petroleum Port outer anchorage must advise “Ruwais VTIS” via VHF Radio of:
The following sections contain information on individual terminals within the port. Whilst the PPA makes every effort to ensure that this information is accurate and up to date, Visiting vessels and Port users are advised to obtain a copy of the current terminal handbook for the respective terminal. These are available with each terminal operating company ( the relevant ADNOC Group Company operating the terminal) and may be obtained via the vessels agents.
The following terminals are located within the Port of Jebel Dhanna Ruwais:
The crude oil terminal at Jebel Dhanna is operated by Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Petroleum Operations Ltd. (ADCO) and consists of 3 (three) Single Point Moorings (SPMs).
The SPMs are Catenary Anchor Leg mooring (CALM) type buoys.
The SPM system is designed assuming that the wind, waves and current are acting on it simultaneously.
The SPM berth two is served by two 36’’ crude pipelines and berth 3 & 4 is served by a 42’’ crude pipeline.
Each SPM is fitted with two 16’’ floating hose strings with 16’’ ASA flanges.
All SPMs are capable of handling tankers of up to 450,000 SDWT, with a maximum draft of 14.3 meters depending on tide.
The loading rate at each of these SPMs is in the region of 5,500 TPH by gravity but this can be boosted by pumps up to 7,500 TPH. The flash point of Murban Crude Oil is below 0º C (32ºF).
The Crude Oil Loading Temperature is below 150° F.
Mooring arrangements are in accordance with OCIMF standards, using a single hawser only. The mooring uses a 76 mm diameter chafe chain and all vessels must be fitted with bow stoppers and fairleads of 76 mm chain as recommended by OCIMF for mooring ships at single point moorings.
Two Loading Masters will remain on board the vessel throughout its stay at the berth and will coordinate the loading operations with the shore control room.
Loading operations must be carried out in accordance with a pre-declared plan which has been discussed with the Loading Master.
The Loading Master will, in conjunction with ship’s staff, carry out inspections and complete the “ship / shore safety checklist”. Failure to observe conditions of the checklist may result in the ship being removed from the berth.
Any requests for changes in loading rates must be communicated to the Loading Master in sufficient time to allow him to contact the shore control room. In the event of an emergency, loading operations may be stopped by contacting Jebel Dhanna control room on VHF private channel or Channel 09.
|PARAMETERS||SPM 2||SPM 3||SPM 4|
|Commissioned(a)||July 1999||Sept. 1990||Dec. 1995|
|Marking light||Lt Fl Mo (U) 10 s 5 m||Lt Fl Mo (U) 15s 5m||Lt Fl Mo (D) 15s 5 m|
|Max SDWT||450,000 MT||450,000 MT||450,000 MT|
|Min SDWT||35,000 MT||35,000 MT||100,000 MT|
|Max Displacement||280,000 MT||280,000 MT||280,000 MT|
|Max Draft||14.3 m||14.3 m||14.3 m|
|Max wind speed||46 Knots||46 Knots||46 Knots|
|Water depth||18 M||19.2 M||19.8 M|
|Position||Lat 24° 12’ 50.4’’ N |
Long 052° 40’ 21.7’ E
|Lat 24° 12’ 01.4’’ N
Long 52° 41’ 20.1’’ E
|Lat 24° 13’ 39.4’’ N|
Long 052° 39’ 25.4’’ E
|SHALLOW WATER MARKER BUOYS – SPM 2|
|1||24° 12’ 34.80’’ N||052° 39’ 30.00’’ E||QY|
|2||24° 12’ 12.00‘’ N||052° 39’ 55.80’’ E||Fl.Y.5s|
|SHALLOW WATER MARKER BUOYS – SPM 3|
|1||24° 11’ 45.6’’ N||052° 40’ 22.80’’ E||Q.Y|
|SHALLOW WATER MARKER BUOYS – SPM 4|
|1||24° 13’ 00’’ N||052° 39’ 03’’ E||Q.Y|
|BUOY SURVIVAL||WITHOUT MOORED TANKER(100 YEARS STORM)||WITH MOORED TANKER (1 YEAR STORM)|
|Maximum Wave Height||4.1 m||2.4 m|
|Significant Wave Height||2.2 m||1.3 m|
|Significant Period||5.6 sec||4.1 sec.|
|Maximum wind 3 sec. gust||83 knots||56 knots|
|1 Min. duration gust||73 knots||46 knots|
|1 hr. duration gust||56 knots|
The East Refinery Terminal at Ruwais is about 2.5 miles SE of the Jebel Dhanna terminal berths and is operated by Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Company (TAKREER).
It consists of a trestle jetty 3 kilometres in length with three deep water berths (B, C & E) and four coastal tanker berths (1, 2, 3, & 4) for exportation of refined petroleum products.
Vessels are berthed either side alongside depending on their manifold lay out.
A “3 inch” hose for drinking water is provided at all TAKREER berths. Flow rate 25 -100 m3 / hour for each berth.
|Condensate||3000 m3 / hr.|
|Paraffinic Naphtha||4200 m3 / hr.|
|Naphtha||3000 m3 / hr.|
|Reg. Gasoline||1400 m3 / hr.|
|Pre. Gasoline||1400 m3 / hr.|
|Kerosene / Jet Fuel||4000 m3 / hr.|
|Gas Oil||4000 m3 / hr.|
|S.R. Residue||3200 m3 / hr.|
|Bunker Oil||1200 m3 / hr.|
|BERTH B||BERTH C||BERTH E|
|2 x 12” Straight run Residue.
2 x 12” Kerosene / Fuel and Gas oil
1 x 12” premium and reg. Gasoline
1 x 10” bunker ‘ C ‘
2 x 16” Naphtha/ Paraffinic Naphtha and Condensate.
|Same as Berth “B” except for 2 x 16” S.R. Residue.||Same as Berth “B” except for the following upgrades.
3 x 12” Straight run Residue 2 x 16” Kerosene / Jet A-1/ Gas oil 1 x 12” Bunker ‘ C ‘
|PARAMETERS||BERTH ‘’ B “||BERTH ‘’ C “||BERTH ‘’ E “|
|Max DWT||104,000 M/T||130,000 M/T||330,000 M/T|
|Min DWT||9,100 M/T||20,000 M/T||20,000 M/T|
|Max partially loaded||132,000 M/T||160,000 M/T||255,000 M/T|
|Berth length||350.75 m||365 m||380 m|
|Max LOA||280 m||295 m||360 m|
|Min LOA||118 m||180 m||180 m|
|Max. Draft||14.0 m||14.0 m||14.0 m|
|Max Wind Speed |
|25 kts||25 kts||25 kts|
|Water Depth||18.5 m||18.8 m||19.6 m|
|Max. freeboard up to Manifold height||15.5 m||16.5 m||24.1 m|
|Min parallel body m/fold connection||42 m||48 m||48 m|
|Berth heading||315° / 135°||315° / 135°||315° / 135°|
|Distance b/w Y/Fender||90 m||100 m||108|
|Position of berths LAT / LONG||24° 10’ 05’’ N 052° 43’ 00’’ E||24° 10’ 14” N 052° 42’ 45’’ E||24° 10’ 30’’ N 052° 42’ 45’’ E|
|DESCRIPTION||Fixed loading platform, six mooring dolphins. six breasting dolphins connected by walkways. On the loading platform, a bank of eight cargo chicksan arms||Fixed loading Platform, six mooring dolphins and four breasting dolphins connected by walkways. On the loading platform a bank of eight cargo chicksan arms.||Fixed loading Platform, six mooring dolphins. Four breasting dolphins connected by walkways. On the loading platform a bank of ten cargo chicksan arms.|
|The minimum distances between berthing dolphins / mooring dolphins / manifolds||BD2 to BD3 - 42 m MD2 to MD3 - 164.5m BD1 to BD4 - 70 m MD1 to MD4 - 264.5 m BD1A to BD4A 90 m MD1A to MD4A 351.5m||2 inner BD 48 m Inner/Outer BD 26 m Moor. Dolphins 50 m 2 Inner BD/MD 31.5m||2 Inner BD 48 m Inner/Outer BD 30 m Moor. dolphins 53 m 2 inner BD/MD 30 m manifolds 4.0m|
The coastal berths consist of a fixed loading platform, four mooring dolphins at berth 1 & 2 and three mooring dolphins at berth 3 & 4 with a fourth common mooring dolphin for berth 1 & 2 and four breasting dolphins.
The loading platform has a bank of five 8 inch diameter loading arms on each berth. Products available with flow rate are:
|Straight run Residue||800 m3 / hr|
|Gas oil||900 m3 / hr|
|Kerosene oil, Jet Fuel||900 m3 / hr|
|Gasoline||1000 m3 / hr|
|Bunker’s||1900 m3 / hr|
|PARAMETERS||COASTAL BERTHS 1,2,3 & 4|
|Max DISP||9100 M/T|
|Min DISP||2600 M/T|
|Berth length||For 1 and 2-158 m|
|3 and 4-||160 m|
|Typical Berth heading||315 / 135|
|Max LOA||118 m|
|Min LOA||70 m|
|Max. Draft||7.50 m|
|Water Depth||8.5 m|
|Max. freeboard up to Manifold height||4.0 m|
|Min parallel body manifold connection||Typical minimum parallel body to allow for manifold connections - 50 m|
|Distance B/W Fenders||36 m|
|Description||The loading platform has a bank of five 8 inch diameter loading arms on each berth.|
The RRW terminal facility is about 250 kilometres west south west of Abu Dhabi city.
The Ruwais Refinery West (RRW) Terminal is situated towards the western end of the Ruwais industrial complex, immediately 500 meters west of the Takreer existing RRE terminal “E” berth and about 1.9 kilometres south east of the Jebel Dhanna Terminal SPM No. 3.
The Ruwais Refinery West (RRW) Terminal has a single steel trestle 4.5 kilometres long and a further 0.8 kilometre long steel trestle connected to sea shore jetties berthing area. This trestle consists of eighteen loops, each 300 meters long, with passing bays for traffic, a roadway and three platform pipe tracks. The total jetties trestle is 5.3 Kilometres long with a roadway of one vehicle width.
Ruwais Refinery West (RRW) Terminal is a crude and condensate Refining Complex with a total refining capacity of 400,000 barrel/day. The crude and condensate are received through pipelines from onshore production facilities at Habshan areas and the refined products are exported through the RRW terminal.
The terminal consists of three deep water berths (G, H and J) for the export of refined petroleum products, propylene and import of crude oil/ low Sulphur condensate. The three berths and their lower platforms are inter-connected by a series of steel walkways.
The Ruwais Refinery West (RRW) Terminal is owned and operated by the Abu Dhabi Oil Refinery Company (TAKREER) under the jurisdiction of Petroleum Ports Authority.
Vessels are berthed either side alongside depending on their manifold layout and operations are carried out
24 x 7.
The line of berths heading is 315 deg. / 135 deg.
Total berth length is 1139 meters. Three vessels can be berthed in tandem port side alongside.
|PARAMETERS||BERTH G||BERTH H||BERTH J|
|Max partially loaded||255,000||255,000||255,000|
|Berth length||400 m||339 m||400 m|
|Max Wind Speed||40-45 knots||40-45 knots||40-45 knots|
|Min. freeboard up to Manifold height||3.7(m)||3.7(m)||3.7(m)|
|Max. freeboard up to Manifold height||28.9 (m)||28.9 (m)||28.9 (m)|
|Min parallel body manifold connection||39.5||39.5||39.5|
|Berth heading||315 deg. / 135 deg.|
|Position of berths LAT / LONG||24° 10' 55.00N 052° 42’ 15.90” E||24° 11' 04.30” N 052° 42’ 06.0” E||24° 11' 13.60” N 052° 41’ 56.10” E|
|Description||The berth consists of loading platform, mooring dolphins and breasting dolphins. On the loading platform, loading arms have been provided in order to load or discharge cargo operations. Each berth has 13 Marine Loading Arms for loading and unloading of all petroleum products and propylene. All loading arms are provided with electrical insulation flange.|
|Mooring facilities||The RRW Terminal berth “G” consist of four mooring dolphins aft & three mooring dolphins in forward location, the Centre berth “H” consist of three mooring dolphins in fore & aft location. The west berth “J” has four mooring dolphins forward & three mooring dolphins aft location. These berths Mooring & Berthing dolphins are equipped with Quick Release Hooks (QRH) with capacity of 60 – 75 tonnes.|
Berths G, H & J each have four berthing dolphins and each berth have lower platform with of two triple quick release hooks in fore & aft direction for smaller vessels back spring ropes.
|PRODUCTS||NO. & SIZE||LOADING ARM DISTANCE (CENTER TO CENTER) (M)||REQUIRED SHIP’S MINIMUM MANIFOLD DISTANCE (CENTER TO CENTER) (M)|
|Alkylate / Gasoline 91/95/98||2 X 16”||3.5||2.0|
|Gasoline/Naphtha Vapor Return||1 X 16”||3.5||N/A|
|Naphtha||3 x 16”||3.5||3.0|
|Gas Oil / Jet Fuel||2 X 16”||3.5||2.0|
|Bunker||2 X 16”||3.5||2.0|
|Retail Bunker||1 X 8”||3.5||N/A|
|Propylene Liquid||1 X 12”||3.5||N/A|
|Propylene Vapor Return||1 X 10”||3.5||N/A|
|PRODUCTS||LOADING LINE RATE (M3/H)||NO. OF HEADER LINE||SIZE (INCHES)||CAPACITY PER L/ARM (M3/H)|
|24” GASOLINE 91||2000||1||16||2000|
|24” GASOLINE 95||4000||2||16||2000|
|24” GASOLINE 98||2000||1||16||2000|
|36” JET FUEL||7162||2||16||3581|
|36” GAS OIL||6828||2||16||3414|
|20” BALLAST WATER||500||1||8||500|
|8” RETAIL BUNKER||500||1||8|
The Abu Dhabi Gas Industries Ltd. (GASCO) terminal consists of a 2.6 kilometre trestle jetty comprising of a three berths for exportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and Paraffinic Naphtha. It is located about half a mile east of the Refinery jetty. The line of the berths lies approximately along the axis of the prevailing current. (LPG & Paraffinic Naphtha - Berth 1 commissioned June 1981, Berth 2 commissioned Dec 2009 & Berth 3 commissioned Jan 2010.
Propane and butane can be loaded simultaneously. Loading rates can be adjusted either by stopping / starting one or more pumps or by opening closing of re-circulation valves on the loading platform. Paraffinic Naphtha is also available.
Vessels not fitted as per the OCIMF standard requirements will load one grade at a time; delays resulting from non- concurrent loading will be to the vessel’s account. Vessels must to be able to load at a combined minimum rate of 1,800 tonnes per hour if loading propane / butane simultaneously, or 1,000 tonnes per hour when loading propane or butane only, with vapour return connected and operational.
Although it is recommended to regulate vessel’s manifold valves, minimum required closure time is 30 seconds. The minimum allowed time to close the liquid manifold valves in case of ESD activation is 20 seconds. In case of non-compliance, manifold valve closure time may dictate the loading rate allowable.
Vessels calling at Ruwais for the first time will inform GASCO, Ruwais, not less than 48 hours prior to arrival, of the disposition of manifold connections from bow to stern. The connections to be used for propane, butane, liquid or vapour should be indicated together with the centre to centre distances between them (e.g. P/V-1.1, P/L-1.7, B/L-1.1, B/V). An indication should also be given as to whether connections are dedicated or can be changed at short notice. The cargo tank pressures on arrival must not exceed 70 mb.
Maximum allowable tank pressure throughout vessel’s stay alongside is 70% of the pressure safety relief valve (PSRV).
After berthing, the Terminal Representative and Master will discuss loading operations and emergency procedures. You are reminded that the responsibility as to the quantity of cargo to be loaded rests with the Master of the vessel, and that no cargo may be sent back ashore. Vessels can berth either side alongside, depending on the ship’s manifold configuration and / or prevailing weather.
|PARAMETERS||BERTH A1||BERTH A2||BERTH A3|
|Gas Carriers Max. Capacity (m3)||125,000||125,000||125,000|
|Gas Carriers Min. Capacity (m3)||28,000||10,000||28,000|
|Tankers Max. SDWT||90,000||90,000||90,000|
|Min. SDWT (T)||15,000||15,000||15,000|
|Max. Arr. Displacement (T)||95,000||95,000||95,000|
|Max. water depth a/ side jetty||17 m||17 m||17 m|
|Distance between fenders||97 m||97 m||97 m|
|Max. freeboard||24 m||24 m||24 m|
|Min. freeboard||7.70 m||7.70 m||7.70 m|
|Max. berth length||340 m||284 m||348 m|
|Max. vessel length accepted||320 m||260 m||320 m|
|Max Distance manifold to bow /stern||160 m||130 m||160 m|
|Distance b/w ship’s side & b/w manifold connection||1.5 m - 6.1m||1.5 m - 6.1 m||1.5 m - 6.1 m|
|Minimum distance center of manifold to end / start flat side is||28 m||25.5 m||28 m|
|Maximum height of railings above chart datum in way of manifold||15.5 m||15.5 m||15.5 m|
|Max. Loading Rate Tons / hr|
& m3 / hr
|Propane 1500 / 2550, Butane 1800 / 3000,|
Paraffinic Naphtha 2800 / 4200
|Position of berths - center line of jetty|
loading platforms Lat / Long
|24° 09’ 49” N, |
052° 43’ 16” E
|24° 09’ 47”N,|
|24° 09’ 41”N|
052° 43’ 44”E
|Direction of the berths||305°/125°|
|PRODUCT||TONS / HR||M3 / HR|
A trestle of approximately 2650 m leads to the shore, where the processing plant and storage tanks are located. This contains dual piping / single access.
The jetty head comprises of three loading platforms (10 m above chart datum) 42 m, 51 m & 56 m in length respectively, with a utilities building. There are 4 breasting dolphins +6 mooring dolphins at berth 1, , 5 breasting dolphins + 6 mooring dolphins (for support of 10,000 m³ gas carrier) at berth No. 2, and 4 breasting dolphins + 8 mooring dolphins at berth 3.
All the three berths dolphins are interconnected by walkways. The distance between 2 outermost dolphins at Berth No. 1 is 340 m, at berth No. 2 is 284 m and at Berth No. 3 is 348 m. The distance between the 2 innermost breasting dolphins at Berth No. 1 is 42 m, at Berth No. 2 is 52 m and at Berth No. 3 is 56 m.
The distance between the 2 outermost breasting dolphins at Berth No. 1 is 97 m, at Berth No. 2 is 79 m and at Berth No. 3 is 97 m.
Thus adequate moorings are provided for the range of vessels utilizing the facilities. All dolphins are equipped with capstans, other auxiliary equipment and 2, 3 or 4 quick release hooks as per "OCIMF" recommendations. On the loading platform at each of the Berths 1, 2 & 3 there are 2 x 12” 150 ANSI loading arms for loading Paraffinic Naphtha + 4 X 12” loading arms for loading propane and butane liquid / vapor. In addition there is 1 X 8’’ for loading bunker at Berth No. 1 only.
Loading rates are controlled from the shore. Due to the long run of pipeline from the shore tanks to the jetty head, closing valves against the product flow could lead to pressure surges liable to cause the blowing out of pipeline gaskets and / or severe damage to the loading arms. Loading rates, loading rate reductions and stopping of cargo procedure will be discussed prior to commencement of loading.
Four loading arms (2 liquid, 2 vapor) can be connected if center to center distance between 12” connections is between 1.6 m and 3.5 m. Two loading arms (vapor and liquid) can be connected if center to center distance is between 1.1m and 1.6 m. Vessels must not have carried ammonia on their last two voyages.
Propane and Butane can be loaded simultaneously. Loading rates can be adjusted either by stopping/starting one or more pumps or by opening/closing of the spill-back valves.
Cargo tanks will be cooled down on arrival as per following temperatures:
Propane - Bottom - 40 º C / Middle - 30 º C / Bottom (excl. dome space) - 20 º C
Butane - Bottom - 2 º C
The following are the criteria for tankers programmed to load Paraffinic Naphtha at GASCO - Ruwais terminals.
Maximum displacement on berthing - 95,000 tons.
After berthing and throughout the period when the loading arms are connected to the ship’s manifold, height of railing in the way of manifold shall not exceed 16.2 m above chart datum. On completion of loading, the minimum height of manifold above chart datum shall be 2.3 m.
The breasting dolphins are each equipped with 1,250 KN double quick-release hooks and a power operated capstan. The mooring dolphins are each equipped with 1,250 KN triple quick-release hooks and a power operated capstan.
The minimum mooring requirement is :
3 headlines + 3 forward and aft breast lines + 2 spring lines fore and aft + 3 stern lines.
Vessels must at all times be prepared to put out extra moorings as required by the terminal personnel, or as dictated by prevailing weather conditions. It is the Master’s responsibility to ensure that the vessel’s mooring lines are checked frequently in order to prevent excessive movement of the vessel in the berth, as such movement could activate ESC/ERS system and/or cause severe damage to the loading arms and other terminal equipment.
The breasting dolphins’ fender design criteria is based on providing for berthing energies acting in the horizontal plane for maximum displacement of 95,000 tones with an approach angle to the berthing line of 7° at a contact velocity of 15 cm/sec.
Yokohama fenders at Berth 1 protrude approximately 3.3 m from the face of the loading dock and provide for 100% contact on the vessel’s perpendicular mid-body at light and loaded drafts for the full range of vessels.
Berth - 2 & 3 breasting dolphins are fitted with hard buckling super cell fenders of low friction flat panel type that holds the side of the ship some 2 Meter away from the edge of the jetty head and limits the ship’s hull contact pressure to less than 20T/M2.
The design at berth No. 2 will allow for 10,000 m³ fully Refrigerated LPG ships to berth without the mooring lines on the dolphin caps.
GASCO - Ruwais Sulphur handling terminal is situated at the South East of the existing FERTIL’s bulk cargo terminal at Ruwais. This facility accommodates the export of granulated Sulphur in bulk into bulk cargo vessels as per the below berth criteria. Access to the various marine installations is via steel truss walkways.
Bulk Sulphur is transported via onshore conveyor systems from the storage building. Sulphur vessels up to 9,000 DWT discharge liquid Sulphur with a max. rate of 700 m3/hour via a 10” dia. loading chicksan at berth No. 1.
|PARAMETERS||BERTH NO. 1|
|Max. DWT||45,000 MT|
|Min. DWT||4,000 MT|
|Max. Berth Length||250 M|
|Max. vessel length||220 M|
|Max. water depth alongside||11.4 M|
|Max. Draft||11 M|
|Max. freeboard on arrival||11 M|
|Distance b/w BCT 4 buoy and berth No. 1loader||600 M|
|Distance b/w BD1 and Fertil berth||145 M|
|Maximum vessel displacement||58,500 MT|
|Turning Basin at BCT No. 4 buoy||750 M|
|BCT Channel/turning basin depth||15 M|
|Distance b/w BCT 6 buoy and berth loaders||340 M|
|Parallel body length (min)||105 M|
|Loading capacity||1000 MT/Hr.|
|Position Lat. / Long||24° 08.95’ N, 052° 44.20’ E.|
|Direction of the berth||295º/115º.|
Mooring facilities Sulphur berth No. 1|
There are 6 (Six) individual berthing piles with the center 2 (two) equipped with a quick release assembly. In addition there are 3 (Three) mooring dolphins. Each one is equipped with a quick release assembly having two rated capacity hooks of 70 tonnes and each is supported by 4 (four) piles. 9 (Nine) separate structural steel walkways connect various areas of this offshore marine facility. There is also 1 (One) structural steel semi arc ship loader outrigger beam. The center and westerly mooring dolphins are for vessels breast lines whilst the easterly dolphin will accept stern lines.
Larger vessels will have their headlines (bow) secured to a quick release hook assembly located on the Fertil bulk cargo terminal jetty (southern end), which is about 95 meters West of sulphur handling terminal berthing pile. This anchor assembly on the jetty has a design holding capacity of 100 T.Ship mooring lines may be taken to dolphins at the Fertil bulk cargo terminal jetty via boat.
A safety access marine ladder is provided on each mooring dolphin, which extends down to the level minus 0.5 meter, Jebel Dhanna Chart Datum.
General Access to Offshore Marine Facility: Access from onshore is only for pedestrians via walkways. Vehicular traffic over the marine facility is not available. Access to vessels is via the movable (rollers on rail) ship’s gangway as installed on the main walkway. This unit is manually rolled into position with its access ladder hydraulically positioned to vessels.
Contact between the shore supervisor / operator on duty on the jetty and the watch on deck is to be continuously maintained by U.H.F. walkie-talkie and V.H.F. (channel 9), as well as visual or verbal signals.
|Design loading capacity||1000 MT/hr|
|Material||Granular Sulphur (bulk)|
|Telescopic chute speed||4.6 M / Minutes|
|Slewing angle of bridge||± 34 º|
|Maximum radius of boom||132 meters|
|Minimum radius of boom in operation||97 meters|
|Luffing angle in operation||± 12 º|
Vessel cargo hatch(es) / hold(s) shall be inspected prior to the commencement of loading bulk Sulphur and if they are found unclean or otherwise not suitable / ready for loading, the notice of readiness shall deemed to have been rejected and a fresh notice of readiness needs to be served.
Ship's Officer shall communicate to the Jetty Supervisor, the loading / stowage plan after obtaining all the necessary clearances. Loading Operation is carried out as per International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code and Supplement (IMSBC Code) and BLU code Practice for the Safe Loading & Unloading of Bulk Carriers (BLU Manual).
Loading operations will be stopped if any of the following conditions occur at the sulphur handling terminal.
Bad weather affecting the safe operations of the handling and loading equipment included, but not limited to, wind velocity in excess of 17 m/sec., heavy rain, poor visibility, relative humidity in excess of 80%, as per the Marine operations weather parameters chart.
Trimming of the cargo during loading is the Vessel’s Master responsibility and on Ship’s account.
Basically, Sulphur is a hazardous cargo and comes under inflammable solids, class 4.1 of IMDG code, possessing the properties of being easily ignited by external sources such as sparks, flames, static electricity and readily combustible. When involved in fire, toxic and very irritating and suffocating gas is evolved. When mixed with water, Sulphuric acid is formed and is corrosive to the metal and dangerous to health.
The stowage factor : 1.25 MT/M3
While loading / unloading, Sulphur is liable to cause dust explosions.
GASCO - Ruwais Sulphur handling terminal - 2 is situated to the East of the BOROUGE terminal.
The Sulphur handling terminal – 2 consists of two berths, each 360 meters long. The two berths can accommodate bulk cargo vessels of up to 80,000 DWT, with a maximum overall length of 258 meters on each berth. Total berth length is 720 meters.
These two berths and other access to the marine installations are connected to shore by a series of steel walkways. Two vessels can be berthed in tandem port side alongside heading toward sea. This facility is used for the export of bulk granulated Sulphur. The bulk Granulated Sulphur is transported by Etihad train from Habshan/Shah gas areas and then via onshore conveyor system from the Storage buildings to the ship through ship’s loader.
The approach channel is an approximately 3.5 kilometers long dredged channel that provides one way navigation for all vessels to approach, berth and leave from the berths No. 3 & 4.
The channel is dredged to -16.1 m Jebel Dhanna Chart Datum and is 150 meters wide, measured from the toe of the side slopes. The turning basin is dredged to -16.1 m Jebel Dhanna Chart Datum and has a diameter of 600 meters. The basin perimeter is a minimum of 50 meters clear of a moored vessel at the berth. The berthing basin is dredged to -16.1 m Jebel Dhanna Chart Datum and is 1030 meters long.
The 18 Nos. navigational aids are anchored buoys type SB 2.5 with AIS installation that mark the toe of the channel and the outer limits of the approach channel and berth face.
Two berthing aid systems with two display units on each berth are installed as a valuable navigational aid.
Three (3) Mooring dolphins with three (3) quick release hooks, 45 meters apart are provided at each end of the berth. The exterior mooring dolphin (No. 6) between the berths is equipped with six (6) quick release hooks and is common to both berths. The five (5) berthing dolphins are equipped with 2 (two) quick release hooks at 30 meters spacing. The center dolphin is aligned with the centerline of the ship loader assembly. The quick release hooks rated capacity is 75 tons. Ship’s mooring lines may be taken to dolphins via boat.
|PARAMETERS||BERTH NO. 3||BERTH NO. 4|
|Max. DWT||80,000 MT||80,000 MT|
|Min. DWT||20,000 MT||20,000 MT|
|Max. Berth Length||350 M||350 M|
|Max. vessel length||258 M||258 M|
|Max. water depth alongside||16.1 M||16.1 M|
|Max. Draft||14.3 M||14.3 M|
|Max. freeboard on arrival||15.7 M||15.7 M|
|Maximum vessel displacement||104,000 MT||104,000 MT|
|Loading capacity||4000 MT/Hr.||4000 MT/Hr.|
|Position Lat. / Long||Lat. 24° 08’ 06 34’’ N|
Long. 052° 46’ 35.25’’ E
|Lat. 24° 07’ 57.97’’ N|
Long. 052° 46’ 44.15’’ E
|Direction of the berth||315°/135°||315°/135°|
The bulk cargo terminal (FERTIL) at Ruwais is to suit the export of bulk / bagged urea, liquid ammonia and liquid ethylene and is operated by Ruwais Fertilizer Industries (FERTIL).
Five mooring dolphins at the seaward end of the jetty serve the liquid ammonia and ethylene berth and each has a bollard / quick release mooring hooks of capacity 100 Ton and is connected to the jetty by concrete walkways.
The jetty and the dolphins have a deck level of 7.4 meters above JD Chart Datum and are supported on 1.0 m diameter tubular piles.
Two ship-loaders and conveyors are available along the jetty to load the vessel with bag / bulk urea.
The Bulk urea loading rate is 1000 MT/hr. (each), Bag urea is 100 MT/hr. (each), Ammonia is 500 MT/hr. and Ethylene is 300 MT/hr. The ship loaders are at a height of 15.0 m above the jetty deck and loading boom extended by 5.0 m to allow berthing of a broader panama class vessel of 32.5 m beam.
Two 12’’ lines with hydraulic loading arms are provided to load the vessel with liquid ammonia from the Fertil plant, which is about 1.7 km away at the rate of 500 MT/hr.
A 10’’ line with a hydraulic loading arm is available with a 6’’ return line to load the vessel with liquid Ethylene from the BOROUGE plant about 5 km away on shore. For ethylene ships requiring purging, a 6’’ nitrogen line along with a 6’’ waste gas line is connected to a flare about 5 km away.
Loading operations will be stopped when wind velocity is in excess of 17 meters per second, or in case of rain, poor visibility or relative humidity in excess of 80%.
Urea ships shall be berthed as per operational requirements of the Terminal. The depth along the jetty and up to 50 meters away from the berths is 12 meters and thereafter a turning basin is located North East of the jetty, which is 600 m diameter with a minimum depth of 15 meters.
The fender system has a designed capacity of 55 ton-meter/fender pile and the recommended berthing angle is 5 degrees. Fender spacing is 15 m along the jetty; same is the spacing of hooks. Urea vessel mooring lines are normally made fast to Bean type bollards.
|Minimum SDWT||5000 MT|
|Max. Sailing SDWT||50,000 MT|
|Minimum Berthing Displacement||7,500 MT|
|Max. Sailing Displacement||61,000 MT|
|Maximum Berthing Displacement||36,000 MT|
|Maximum Nominated Registered SDWT||71,000 MT|
|Berth length||512 m|
|Maximum vessel length Accepted||225 m|
|Maximum Beam Accepted||32.5 m|
|Max. Depth alongside||12 m|
|Max. Draft||11 m|
|Max. freeboard on arrival||11 m|
|Turning Circle||600 m|
|Maximum SDWT||71000 MT|
|Position Lat. / Long||Lat. 24° 09.1’ N, Long. 052° 44.05’ E.|
|Direction of the berth||350°/170°.|